法律学assignment代写 I think that the role of criminal profilers should be expanded to include normal criminal occurrences that are more common···
Topic 1: The role of criminal profilers in routine criminal investigations 法律学assignment代写
I think that the role of criminal profilers should be expanded to include normal criminal occurrences that are more common and take place on a daily basis. This is because these investigative authorities have expertise in terms of skills and resources as compared to other investigative authorities. Therefore, they would be able to help other investigating bodies in solving these criminal cases.
In the course of duty, criminal profilers gain intimate knowledge on repeat offenders, victims as well as regions with a high rate of criminal activities. Consequently, they have access to valuable information on recurring criminal activities.
They can use this information to develop innovative responses so that they can curb future criminal activities before they take place (Braga, Flynn, Kelling, & Cole, 2015, p. 4). Therefore, it is a take-over from normal occurrences of fighting crime. Crime should be prevented from occurrence, which is better than having to respond to criminal activities that has proved ineffective.
I believe that criminal profilers can incorporate their investigative knowledge 法律学assignment代写
As well as skills to come up with better crime-control strategies. These skills can solve criminal issues that often dodge law enforcement agencies. For instance, criminal profilers have excellent skills in interviewing witnesses, victims and offenders which enables them to understand the root of the problem (Braga, Flynn, Kelling, & Cole, 2015, p. 6). Secondly, they can find informants, manage the information they get from these individuals .
And carry out their independent investigations to find out if the information is credible and reliable. Consequently, criminal profilers are in a position to gain significant leads before criminal activities take place. In scenarios whereby the criminal activities take place, they can effectively carry out investigations which are both fast and accurate. As a result, the perpetrators of these criminal activities are more likely to be apprehended.
Thirdly, due to the nature of their work, criminal profilers are exposed to advanced surveillance technologies which they use to conduct covert surveillance. These are resources that are not available to ordinary investigating officers. Because of this, they are more likely to have the upper hand when solving criminal cases. Finally, based on their training, criminal profilers are trained how to preserve and develop evidence.
Based on this evidence 法律学assignment代写
They determine what analysis of criminal activities is required.It is, therefore, possible to trace activities of repeat offenders through a root cause analysis. This also applies to the case of new criminals where they can profile their criminal activities (Braga, Flynn, Kelling, & Cole, 2015, p. 7).
Consequently, criminal profilers find out the relationships between cases and information on criminals and their criminal groups. Furthermore, they can sequence investigative steps in any inquiry or judicial proceedings so that to optimize their chances of winning these criminal cases and getting a conviction for these criminals.
Based on this analysis, one can conclude that criminal profilers pay more attention to offenders while other investigating officers are more focused on where the criminal activities took place, the type of crime, and the victim involved. Consequently, the former can handle cases from the beginning that is from when the case is first reported.
This is a case that normal officers cannot investigate due to the nature of their structure and patrol operations which do not allow for it. Furthermore, according to Sparrow (2008), a criminal loop is generally assumed to be incomplete without incorporating criminal profilers to solve the criminal issue since the criminal loop will have gaps.
Topic 2: The use of profiling to catch serial murderers and rapists 法律学assignment代写
I believe it is difficult to use profiling to catch serial murderers. According to Van Aken (2015, p. 137), there is no universally accepted definition of serial murders. Therefore, it is difficult to profile such individuals. This is because the classification of an individual as a serial killer requires that such an individual to have taken part in several cases of murder. This is problematic because most of these victims are discovered only after they are apprehended. Furthermore, the victims of these criminal acts are dead. Therefore, it is difficult to get insight from victims on the profile of these criminals.
Profiling serial murderers can be difficult because the victim and the murderer are in most cases strangers who may not have had any previous association. This is unlike normal murders where the murderer is known to the victim. As a result, it is difficult to locate the murderer due to the lack of a starting point in criminal investigations (Aken, 2015, p. 139). Furthermore, information about serial killers are not observable and hence cannot be used by profilers to narrow down for the suspect in the large suspect field.
Most of the serial murderers are common people who lead ordinary lives 法律学assignment代写
These individuals have families, live in areas where they are well known to their neighbors, and have usual jobs. This makes them less susceptible to committing criminal activities. This is especially if these individuals do not leave evidence that would tie them to the criminal activities that they commit. Therefore, profiling in such cases turns attention only to the individuals who fit the profile. Furthermore, law enforcement agencies do not store enough profiles that could enable them to make any leads on such investigations.
In the case of rapists, I believe it is possible to profile a rapist. To begin with, the perpetrators of these acts are well known to the victims. Therefore, the victims of these acts can describe those who raped them. The criminal profilers can then use this information to sketch a portrait of the rapist. They can later store this information in a database for unsolved cases. They can use the information that is stored in the database to trace related crimes by the same individuals. Any related cases can then be traced to a single individual.
Psychologists suggest that rapists are serial in nature 法律学assignment代写
Hence, a rapist will continue with these acts as long as they never get apprehended. Consequently, it is possible to trace their criminal acts. Furthermore, rapists are more likely to be involved in another criminal act (Beauregard, 2010, p. 9). International research suggests that the criminal history of rapists is often related to various offensive behaviors. A study in New Zealand showed that for the ninety-six solved rape cases had a significant correlation with other criminal acts.
In conclusion, it would also be important to note that the act of rape leaves much evidence such as semen, fingerprints, and human hair (Joubert, 2012, p. 7). These are sources of information provided that this form of evidence is not tampered with by the victim. Criminal profilers can then use this information to profile a criminal. The information gathered can also be stored in a database. Therefore, related rape cases can be compiled and solved as a single case for serial rapists.
Aken, C. V. (2015). The use of criminal profilers in the prosecution of serial killers. Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science, 3, 127-149.
Beauregard, E. (2010). Rape and sexual assault in investigative psychology: The contribution of sex offenders’ research to offender profiling. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 7(1), 1-13. doi:10.1002/jip.114
Braga, A. A., Flynn, E. A., Kelling, G. L., & Cole, C. M. (2015). Moving the work of criminal investigators towards crime control. New Perspectives in Policing: National Institute of Justice, 2-37.
Joubert, D. (2012). Developmental correlates of offending patterns in serial rapists. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 2(1), 4-18. doi:10.1108/20093821211210459
Scott, D., Lambie, I., Henwood, D., & Lamb, R. (2006). Profiling stranger rapists: Linking offence behavior to previous criminal histories using a regression model. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 12(3), 265-275. doi:10.1080/13552600601090329
Sparrow, M. K. (2008). The character of harms: Operational challenges in control. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511753862