As the world entered the era of digitization. More and more technological advancements allowed improvements to be ···
As the world entered the era of digitization. More and more technological advancements allowed improvements to be made in the value chain systems of different organizations. Especially when it comes to logistics, companies are more focused on innovative technologies and their use so that their processes can be optimized.
The same happened with the introduction of Radio Frequency Identification technology. More commonly referred to as the RFID technology. RFID technology was already being implemented in logistical activities back in the late 1990s. This paper will focus on the current use and role of the RFID technology. And how it is being utilized in logistics these days, along with the major benefits and problems associated with the use of this technology. And the future that it holds for logistics.
随着世界进入数字化时代。 越来越多的技术进步允许对不同组织的价值链系统进行改进。 特别是在物流方面，公司更加专注于创新技术及其使用，以便可以优化其流程。
射频识别技术的引入也发生了同样的情况。 更通常称为RFID技术。 在1990年代后期，RFID技术已经在后勤活动中实现。 本文将重点介绍RFID技术的当前用途和作用。 以及这些天如何将其用于物流，以及与使用该技术相关的主要好处和问题。 还有物流的未来。
In the past few decades, the world has seen rapid technological development. The technological evolution, as Anderson (2007) calls it, has changed the way of doing business. Certainly, like every other sector it has been realized that effective utilization of technology can make logistics operations smooth and hassle free. Managing inventory manually was a daunting task, which got a bit easier when barcodes replaced the manual process during early 70s.
The introduction of barcode technology in logistics have continued to evolve and became more systematic with the passage of time. Wolf (2007) believes that despite the advancement, managing inventory via barcode still has a lot of limitations. Which reduces the overall efficiency of logistics operations. Since the way of doing business is changing and companies are facing intense competition. Efficiency in everything has become the need of an hour.
Making the logistics operation more efficient, agile and profitable represents the main objectives of the entrepreneurs in the sector. Therefore, investments in innovation stimulate the development of new equipment and work methodologies. One of the tools in question is called RFID technology. To replace barcode, Hildner (2006) believes that RFID or radio-frequency identification is the apt technology everyone can bet on. As per Wolf (2007), RFID is likely to remove the limitations of barcode system and will improve logistics operations by making it faster, convenient, and accurate.
RFID is a remote data storage and retrieval system that uses devices called tags, cards, transponders or RFID tags.
The fundamental purpose of RFID technology is to transmit the identity of an object (similar to a unique serial number) by radio waves. RFID technologies are grouped within the so-called auto ID (automatic identification). The origin of RFID technology was to use silicon chips that could transfer the data they stored to the reader without physical contact, in a way equivalent to the infrared readers used to read barcodes.
RFID tags are small devices, similar to a sticker, which can easily be attached to any product. RFID tags contain antennas that enable them to receive and respond to requests by radiofrequency from an RFID transceiver. Passive tags do not need internal power, while active tags do. One of the advantages of using radiofrequency is that direct contact is not required between emitter and receiver.
Budag (2017) in their study has made it clear that RFID is not a new technology as it was developed in the 1950s, but little attention has been given on the importance of this technology in logistics industry. Moreover, during that period RFID was also going under technological advances, which has given RFID the shape that it is available today.
RFID技术的基本目的是通过无线电波传输对象的身份（类似于唯一的序列号）。 RFID技术分为所谓的自动ID（自动识别）。 RFID技术的起源是使用硅芯片，该芯片可以将存储的数据传输到读取器而无需物理接触，其方式等同于用于读取条形码的红外读取器。
There are many companies that hesitate in implementing RFID technology throughout their value chain.
And a study was conducted by Binh Doan to discuss the possible solutions for these. In logistics, RFID technology is mainly used to support the inventory management. All the logistics providers strongly agreed that the increase in information visibility and real-time data, better tracking and inventory control are the major benefits. The most significant concerns of RFID implementation are cost of implementation, global standard issues and data management issues (Binh Doan, 2017).
A study conducted by Burke and Ewing. Jr. (2014) encompassed costs for systems purchase, implementation, and integration. Their research addressed the advantages and disadvantages of a radio frequency identification system, which provides more autonomy to the system. At the same time, the study also linked the RFID technology with robotics to analyze how the two technologies combined together will affect the overall value chain process.
RFID technology provides companies that have integrated this system in logistics with the opportunity to eliminate waste, and improve production and assembly performance. The research conducted by Hellstrom and Wiberg, provides practitioners with experience of, and insights into how an automotive.
And plastic production and assembly plant improved its inventory accuracy by implementing the RFID technology. The research also provides a model which other companies can use in order to assess the actual impact of and benefits gained from the RFID technology (Hellstrom, Wiberg, 2015).
Binh Doan进行了一项研究，讨论了针对这些问题的可能解决方案。在物流中，RFID技术主要用于支持库存管理。所有物流供应商都坚决认为，增加信息可视性和实时数据，更好的跟踪和库存控制是主要的好处。 RFID实施最重要的问题是实施成本，全球标准问题和数据管理问题（Binh Doan，2017年）。
RFID technology supports a wide range of applications
In all industrial as well as service sectors. RFID is in essence exactly what companies are seeking to enhance supply chain management (Ropraz, 2008).The ability to communicated, without actually being physically present or having any kind of physical contact is one of the most special features of the RFID technology.
As it provides logistics with the ability to track the inventory and orders, secure the items and manage them better, thereby, improving the overall efficiency of the organization, and reduces the loss of inventory which used to be a common problem before RFID was implemented.
Inventory management is very much essential to define the growth, survival or the success of any business (Poojary, Kumar, 2014). The implementation of RFID is considered be the top available advanced technology that helps in improving inventory management for most of the big corporations, such as Walmart, Unilever, Procter & Gamble, and many more.
RFID is also being used in the hospitality as well as the health industry.
In hospitals, the use of RFID tags allows the temperature sensor to send the temperature of the patient at short intervals of time (SCM, 2015). It allows data to be monitored in real time, thereby, helping decision makers come to quick conclusions and decide courses of actions promptly. This helps in preventing a lot of mishaps allows the companies to monitor their systems accurately and efficiently.
Peppa and Moschuris concluded in their research paper that RFID technology is considered to be the most innovative technology. That helps in providing solutions of previously prevailing problems. Such as those related to supply chain and it has the potential to make the entire logistics process better (2013).
在医院中，RFID标签的使用允许温度传感器在短时间内发送患者温度（SCM，2015年）。 它允许实时监视数据，从而帮助决策者快速得出结论并迅速决定行动方案。 这有助于防止很多事故使公司能够准确有效地监视其系统。
Peppa和Moschuris在他们的研究论文中得出结论，RFID技术被认为是最具创新性的技术。 这有助于提供先前存在问题的解决方案。 例如与供应链有关的物流，它有可能使整个物流流程变得更好（2013年）。
On the other hand
Marketers are using RFID technology in supply chain to understand consume behaviors and build their strategies based on the data obtained from logistics. According to Landmark and Sjobakk, RFID technology is able to track consumer behavior in the fashion industry and thus it helps in developing future strategies. Logistics helps in the collection of data by analyzing the consumer behavioral patterns experienced at all touch points, and thus helps the company in better targeting their products and services for optimal growth (2017).
Better supply chain integration can be achieved through the implementation of RFID technology. Exactly how RFID helps to achieve high-level operational efficiency is an area which lacks much information, and thus in this study by Wamba, conducted in 2012, it was determined that the RFID technology, through the use of improved data collection is able to renovate and reform the business processes as it helps in identifying the gaps present in the systems.
营销人员正在供应链中使用RFID技术来了解消费行为，并根据从物流中获得的数据制定其策略。 根据Landmark和Sjobakk的说法，RFID技术能够跟踪时尚行业中的消费者行为，因此有助于制定未来的策略。 物流通过分析在所有接触点经历的消费者行为模式来帮助收集数据，从而帮助公司更好地针对其产品和服务以实现最佳增长（2017）。
通过实施RFID技术，可以实现更好的供应链集成。 RFID到底是如何帮助实现高水平运营效率的，这是一个缺乏足够信息的领域，因此，Wamba在2012年进行的这项研究中确定，RFID技术通过使用改进的数据收集技术可以翻新 并改革业务流程，因为它有助于识别系统中存在的差距。
RFID transmits the identification information of objects as a numerical serial number dynamically.
These wireless systems give the opportunity to read without contact and being visibility (Yusel, 2011). This unique characteristic of RFID technology helps in providing many advantages to the companies, especially when implemented in supply chain. It helps in gathering data from difficult environments, and thus, collects and provides data at a faster pace.
According to a study conducted by Masum, Buiyan, and AzadWireless technologies such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Global Position System (GPS) play important role as value added services in communication systems and mobile commerce these days. When paired with supply chain it significantly improves the information gathering and dissemination process, which allows companies to make informed decisions.
这些无线系统提供了无接触阅读且能见度的机会（Yusel，2011年）。 RFID技术的这一独特特性有助于为公司提供许多优势，尤其是在供应链中实施时。 它有助于从困难的环境中收集数据，从而以更快的速度收集和提供数据。
RFID technology has seen to remarkably improve the companies’ performance. The literature that has been covered in this paper consists of those studies and researches that have been carried out on the subject matter. However, exactly how RFID helps in improving the processes and ehat exactly are the benefits that a company can gain from it is something that is missing in most of the research that has been conducted. Hence, the focus of this research paper would be determining the many benefits that can be obtained through the use of this technology and how.
RFID技术已经显着改善了公司的绩效。 本文所涵盖的文献包括就该主题进行的那些研究。 但是，RFID究竟如何帮助改进流程，以及公司从中获得的收益恰恰是大多数已进行的研究所缺少的。 因此，本研究论文的重点将在于确定可以通过使用这项技术以及如何获得许多好处。
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